To know a child, one can get help from the child himself by talking to him about
his interests and thoughts. To start with, ask the child to draw what he wishes.
Then talk to him about the subjects he has drawn. The child’s first scheme is usually on what has been recently occupied his mind. Thus you can get to know his thoughts. For instance, if something has annoyed him, it will be reflected in his painting. Children often pay very close attention to their surroundings with great sensitivity and delicacy. However, adults may gradually lose their sensitivity or may ignore their surroundings without thoughtful reflection. For better understanding, let’s discuss a five-year- old child’s painting about his family. His top priority is the drawing of his father, Parham, who was drawn in a
white shirt, with a big head which shows the important role the father in the family.
Big head is a symbol of mental power and the gravity of the family, and the white shirt is the symbol of happiness, optimism and holiness.
There is a great intimacy between the child and the person who is drawn first, in this case the father; and the child wants to identify with that person and show similarities with him. The second person the child drew is his cousin, Rasta, who is the next closest person to the child. The child magnifies the picture of his cousin and it is much bigger than the picture of the child himself. The cousin is holding the father’s hand and wearing white dress. The closeness reveals intimacy, particularly when they
are holding their hands.
The child himself is the third person who was drawn and the child’s picture is similar to the mother’s and grandmother’s color-wise and size-wise.
The mother was painted on the father’s left and the cousin on his right. The child himself was drawn by the cousin; this shows the child’s distance from the family or his inferior complex.
That the child’s picture is as small as the mother’s shows the less important role of the mother in the family. On the other hand, the child drew himself between his grandmother and cousin and it means he spends most of his time with them. There are two small pictures of the child’s cousins on the bottom of the page, meaning that they are not very important.
The instructor begins to know the child’s feelings, attitudes and thoughts.